Stories of Guernsey County by Wm. Wolfe Pages 794-806

 

CHAPTER XXII

 

Cambridge Township

 

     THE history of Cambridge township is so interwoven with that of Cambridge city that most stories of the two are inseparable.  For them the reader is referred to the chapter, entitled “Cambridge Stories.” This chapter is devoted largely to the territory of the township lying outside the city limits.

     Formation.—It was one of the original townships established by the county commissioners at their organization meeting held at he house of George Beymer, April 23, 1810.  It took its name from the town laid out in 1806, and called Cambridge by Jacob Gomber, it is said, after Cambridge, Maryland, from which some of the settlers had come.

     At first the township was much larger than it is today. Territory has been taken from it at different times to help form other townships. Its area is now about thirty-five square miles. The township is nearly rectangular in form, seven miles long and five miles wide. A small strip cut from the southeast corner and given to Jackson when that township was formed, was balanced by the same area from center, into which Cambridge township projects. This irregularity in boundary lines has caused much confusion in the administration of township and school affairs.

     Cambridge township lies within the Military land district and was surveyed by Zaccheus Biggs, a deputy surveyor of the federal government, in 1798. At that time what is now Cambridge township was in Washington county.  In 1804 it became a part of Muskingum county and the land was sold at the government land office in Zanesville. The original deeds of most Cambridge township farms bear the words, “of lands directed to be sold at Zanesville.”  The price paid was less than two dollars an acre.

     Physical Features.—Like all other townships of the county Cambridge is composed of hills and valleys.  Meandering from south to north is Wills creek.  To make the seven miles across the township it winds back and forth over a distance of twelve miles.  In at least one place it flows nearly south for a mile. The fall is slight, and due to this and the many bends there are frequent inundations of the bottom lands. Leatherwood, its principal tributary from the east in the township, enters Wills creek at Cambridge. Crooked creek from the west empties into Wills creek north of Cambridge, as does Sarchet’s run from the same direction.

     Natural Resources.—Cambridge has a variety of valuable mineral resources unsurpassed in any other township of the county.  The southeast quarter is underlaid with what is known as coal vein No. 7, of the Cambridge coal field. This vein crops out at Cambridge, and east of the city is so near the surface that much coal has been mined by the process of stripping. The Scott mines, the first to be operated in the county on an extensive scale, were located in this township. Underlying all the township are veins No. 6 and No. 5, the former at an average depth of about 100 feet. No.5 is about fifty feet below No. 6. Some coal has been taken from the former at Pigeon Gap north of the city.

     As early as 1861 there was some drilling for oil in the township. The wells were shallow, but some gas was found. However, as it was oil that was wanted, little attention was paid to the gas. Drilling for salt water on his farm three miles north of Cambridge, David Sarchet, in 1870, struck gas that was sufficient, it was said, to light the entire town of Cambridge, but it was not utilized. Some years later the Cambridge Light and Fuel Company sank three wells in Cambridge township, from which there was a fair yield of gas.  However, there was much trouble from salt water. During the gas and oil excitement of 1926-27 several profitable wells were drilled in the western part of the township.  Since than another field has been opened in the northern part. Some of the wells have yielded oil in paying quantities.

     Clay is another valuable natural resource of the township. The type of clay found here is well suited for the manufacture of brick tile and pottery products. One of the largest salt-works in Southeastern Ohio was located near the eastern edge of the township seventy-five years ago.

     A Cambridge Township Pioneer.—In the summer of 1805 a young man walking westward along Zane’s Trace, with an ax and a gun on his shoulder, reached the Wills creek crossing in what is now Cambridge.  For several days he had been walking alone through a nearly uninhabited country, seeking a suitable location for a future home. His name was Isaac Oldham.  He was born in Pennsylvania in 1779, but when a boy had moved with his father to Virginia.   

     On the day before starting on this western journey he had married Sarah Marling, who was born and reared in Maryland. He had no money with which to buy a home in Virginia for his bride.  He heard that in Ohio, which had been admitted to the Union two or three years before, excellent land could be obtained from the government at a small cost per acre.  Leaving his young wife at her father’s home, he set out alone, promising to return for her as soon as a suitable location could be found and made a fit place for her to live.   

     At the Wills creek crossing when Oldham arrived, there were two or three log cabins occupied by members of the Beatty family which included Jacob Gomber, George Metcalf and Wyatt Hutchison.  Except a small clearing around the cabins all the territory within the present boundaries of Cambridge was a forest which, almost unbroken, extended far in every direction.  On his arrival Oldham learned that Jacob Gomber and Zaccheus A. Beatty were planning to lay out a town. He liked the country and decided to remain for a time, meanwhile looking about for a suitable place to locate.  He assisted Gomber and Beatty in their work which was difficult because of the trees, the underbrush and the hollows on what are now Wheeling and Steubenville avenues. One hundred forty lots were staked off and offered for sale. 

     But Isaac Oldham did not want to locate in town.  He wanted a farm.  It was his privilege to choose almost any location he pleased and as many acres as he wanted, at one dollar and twenty-five cents an acre, to be paid for at the land office in Zanesville. We may suppose that he roamed the woods in every direction, looking for the most desirable place to settle in what is now Guernsey county.  He chose a location in the broad Wills creek valley north of the newly-platted town.  It was second-bottom land, fertile, free from floods and well drained.

     He purchased 160 acres from the government. With the ax which he had carried with him from Virginia he cut such logs as he could handle alone, and raised a cabin near a strong spring of water. The floor of the cabin was the earth. The roof was clapboards weighted with poles.  No door was hung, neither were the crevices between the logs chunked and daubed with clay.  A bed was made by driving a forked stake in the ground near one corner of the cabin, from which poles extended to the crevices in the walls. Upon the poles a tick filled with leaves was laid. For a table he used a split section of a log into which four legs were driven. Blocks of wood served as chairs.

     An Old Apple Tree.—After Isaac Oldham had built his cabin and cleared a patch of ground around it, he went back to Virginia for Sarah, his wife.  It was February, 1807.  His visit at the old home was necessarily short because there was much work to do in the clearing. The return was over Zane’s Trace, but this time he did not walk. Both he and Sarah rode horses, carrying a few articles to be used in housekeeping. Sarah’s folks were out to bid them good-bye and wish them Godspeed.  Remarking that she needed a riding switch, her father pulled a small sprout form the root of an apple tree standing near and handed it to her. She used it as such throughout the long journey. When she reached the cabin in the clearing she noticed some small roots hanging from the end of the switch. Hoping that it might grow, she planted it below the cabin.

     And it did grow and has continued to grow since that day, exactly 135 years ago last February. It is the oldest apple tree in Guernsey county—probably the oldest in the state of Ohio. A few years after Sarah planted the tree it began bearing apples. They were what are called “common fruit,” yellowish and somewhat sour, and they ripened in the late summer.  Each year for a century and a third the tree has borne its crop of fruit. At this time (August, 1942) there are apples on the tree.

     Standing on the exact spot where Sarah planted it, this venerable apple tree is showing the effects of long endurance and faithful service. As might be expected it long ago assumed an appearance of decrepitude. The main trunk is hollow and the branches are gnarled. The trunk is eight feet three inches in circumference one and a half feet from the ground. The tree is approximately thirty feet in height.

     The Stone House.—Isaac and Sarah Oldham occupied the cabin until 1822 when they erected a new home on the site of the old. This was built of stone quarried from an adjacent hill. In the highceiling basement with massive hand-hewn beams was a wide wood fireplace. The interior finishings above were dressed by hand. While living in the cabin Oldham built a large log barn (thirty feet by sixty feet). This barn is in use today.

     The Oldham Family.—When Isaac and Sarah Oldham began housekeeping in the log cabin they had no neighbors nearer than the settlers at Cambridge and the Indians at the Indian town less than a mile north of them. Wild beasts were numerous in the woods. Precaution was necessary both night and day. Isaac was once pursued from the clearing to the very door of the cabin, by a large panther. The Indians were friendly the most of the time and frequently gave them fish and game.

     Isaac Oldham died in 1851, and Sarah in 1865. Both were buried in Cambridge. To them nine children were born. More land was added to the original 160 acres until the Oldham farm became one of the largest in this section. On it is Oldham’s grove where picnics used to be held annually.  Marling Oldham, one of the sons, built a large brick house near by. His son, Isaac J. Oldham, married and went to live in the old stone house, and here he died in 1939 at the age of 82.  The old stone house is now occupied by his daughter, Mrs. Clara E. Mason, and her son, Edgar O. Mason, the latter being the great-great-grandson of the original Isaac Oldham.

     Owners of Real Estate in 1840.—One hundred years ago (1840) the following persons owned real estate in Cambridge township, outside of the incorporated village of Cambridge. The list is complete.

     Arthur, John, 62 acres, lot 20; Albright, Benjamin A., 22 acres, lot 33; Allison, William, 322 acres, sec 3; Allison, Robert, 400 acres, sec. 24 and 25; Arndt, Charles, 59 acres, lot 21; Baltzell, Jacob, 32 acres, lot 10; Bryson, Abraham, 98 acres, sec. 5; Beatty, John P., 2 acres, lot 37 Boyd, Joseph, 120 acres, sec.5; Bratton, Samuel, 100 acres, sec. 1; Bratton, James, 62 acres, sec. 1; Bell, William, 154 acres, sec. 4 and 5; Burton, Joseph (Heirs), 100 acres, lot 7; Blair, James, 80 acres, sec. 11; Bichard, Daniel, 160 acres, sec. 23; Broom, Hugh, 401 acres, sec. 2, 3, and 22; Beatty, Cyrus P. (Heirs), 240 acres, sec. 2 and 3; Blanpeid, Elisha, 162 acres, lot 18; Black, Samuel, 200 acres, lot 1; Burton, Daniel (Heirs), 115 acres, lot 31; Bragg, John (Heirs) 40 acres, sec. 9; Blair, John, 80 acres, sec. 10; Britton, Joseph, Jr., 97 acres, lot 28; Blair, James, 1 acre, sec. 5; Beymer, William, 90  acres, sec. 3; Blair, Alexander, Jr., 62 acres, sec. 5; Blair, Alexander, Sr., 40 acres, sec. 7; Bell, Robert, 65 acres, sec. 25; Baughman, William, 41 acres, sec. 4; Barr, James, 80 acres, sec. 7.

     Clements, James, 40 acres, sec. 7; Chapman, John (Heirs), 681 acres, sec. 3 and lot 30; Dodds, Archibald, 80 acres, sec. 3; Davis, John, 81 acres, sec. 3; Dunheiffer, Jacob, 9 acres, lot 20; Davis, Zadock, 269 acres, sec. 5; Enty, Elias, 20 acres, lot 7; Foy, William, 160 acres, sec. 10; Ferbrache, Jacob, 81 acres, sec. 2; Findley, Samuel, 160 acres, sec. 22; Ford, Robert, 123 acres, sec. 15; Ferbrache, Daniel, 81 acres, sec. 2; Ferguson, William, 14 acres, lot 30; Funk, Hosea B., 124 acres, lots 11 and 22; Green, Jacob, 41 acres, sec. 5; Gillett, Comfort, 65 acres, sec. 3; Gilpin, John, Sr., 41 acres, sec. 5; Griffin, Samuel, 1 acre, lot 40; Gray, James, 82 acres, lot 6; Galligher, John, 40 acres, sec. 3; Graham, William, 210 acres, lot 12.

     Hughes, Henry P., 93 acres, lot 39; Hunt, David, 16 acres, lot 2; Harris, William, 40 acres, sec. 11; Hyatt, Noah, 73 acres, lot 41; Huffman, John, 160 acres, sec. 9; Hurst, John, 15 acres, lot 22; Hammond, David P., 80 acres, sec. 6; Holler, Sarah, 8 acres, lot 6; Hutchison, Robert (heirs0, 125 acres, sec. 5; Hill, Richard, 113 acres, sec. 1; Hill, James (Heirs), 50 acres, sec. 1; Hanna, John, 160 acres, sec. 21; Hutchison, Corbin, 80 acres, sec. 9; Hutchison, Enoch, 1 acre, lot 41; Hinds, Abraham, 79 acres, lot 15; Johnson, Jesse, 92 acres, sec. 6; Kennedy, Nathaniel, 80 acres, sec. 4.

     Lenfesty, Thomas, 80 acres, sec. 11; Lepage, Thomas, 140 acres, sec. 6 and 15; Lofland, Gordon, 436 acres, sec. 14 and lots; Long, Jacob, 80 acres, sec. 3; McConaughy, John, 40 acres, sec. 11; McMurry, James, 150 acres, lot 15; McCluny, Nichols, 80 acres, sec. 25; McCoy, Daniel, 66 acres, sec. 5; McKee, Eleanor, 41 acres, sec. 5; McKee, John, 41 acres, sec. 5; McDonald, Daniel, 80 acres, sec. 5; McCrory, Lavinia, 40 acres, sec. 9; Masefield and Noble, 162 acres, lots 22 and 23; McConaughy, Nancy, 81 acres, sec. 4; Moore, Robert B., 650 acres, sec. 2 and lots; Moore, James B., 81 acres, lot 24; McCrory, William, 160 acres, sec. 9; McConaughy, James, 5 acres, lot 13; McConkey, Samuel, 162 acres, lot 16; McMurry, Robert, 610 acres, sec. 12 and lots 3 and 9; McNary, Thomas (Heirs), 160 acres, sec. 10; McMurry, Peter, 200 acres, lots 23 and 27; Maffitt, Robert, 100 acres, lot 36; McIlyar, William, 50 acres, lot 8; Metcalf, Jacob G., 12 acres, lot 15; Marling, John, 160 acres, sec. 21; Morrison, Samuel, 180 acres, sec. 14 and 15; Mehaffey, John, 125 acres, sec. 6; McKee, Robert, 41 acres, sec. 5; Maxwell, David, 40 acres, sec. 4; Milliner, Grammer, 20 acres, lot 10; McMurry, William, 87 acres, lot 2; Metcalf, George, 646 acres, lots 13, 14, 20 and 21; McCracken, William, 690 acres, sec. 13 and lots 3 and 4.

     Noble, Thomas, 121 acres, sec. 5 and 10; Neeland, Joseph, 243 acres, lots 6 and 7; Nevin, John D., 80 acres, sec. 4; Nelson, John, 160 acres, sec. 22; Nossett, Samuel, 41 acres, sec. 5; Newman, John, 40 acres, sec. 4; Nicholson, Robert, 339 acres, sec. 3 and lots; Nelson, Benjamin, 41 acres, sec. 5; O’Haver, Nathan, 50 acres, lot 26; Ogier, William, 170 acres, sec. 7 and 11; Oldham, Samuel H., 106 acres, sec. 4; Oldham, Isaac, 395 acres, sec. 3, 4 and 22; Ogier, Thomas, 160 acres, sec. 8; Oldham, Isaac (Heirs), 96 acres, sec. 4; Oliver, John, 87 acres, sec. 4; Oldham, Thomas (heirs), 302 acres, sec. 3, 4 and 8; Porter, J. N., 160 acres, sec. 9; Patterson, Jeremiah (Heirs), 60 acres, lot 17; Parkinson, Edward, 160 acres, sec. 21.

     Riggs, Evan, 41 acres, sec. 5; Rose, Thomas, 40 acres, lot 38; Richardson, Robert D. (Heirs), 91 acres, lot 25; Rollins, Jonathan, 80 acres, sec. 6; Roseman, Edward, 95 acres, lot 8; Robinson, John (Heirs), 88 acres, lot 26; Rollingston, John, 81 acres, sec. 1; Rollston, James, 120 acres, lot 32; Reeves, Manesseh (Heirs0, 80 acres, sec. 10; Rinehart, Levi, 179 acres, lots 7 and 11; Ross, Theodore, 32 acres, lot 38; Souders, Jacob, 41 acres, sec. 4; Scott, Alexander (Heirs), 100 acres, lot 8; Sigman, Luke, 300 acres, lots 8, 9 and 10; Stokely, Samuel, 166 acres, sec. 8; Scott, Charles, 252 acres, lots 5 and 7; Scott, Mary, 164 acres, sec. 1; Sarchet, Thomas, 260 acres, sec. 24; Sarchet, Moses, 571 acres, sec. 15 and 24 and lots 2 and 3; Sarchet, David, 160 acres, sec. 24; Sarchet, Peter B., 160 acres, sec. 23; Sarchet, Nicholas, 120 acres, sec. 8; Shields, John, 80 acres, lot 22; Sigman, John, 184 acres, sec. 5 and lot 6; Sigman, George, 84 acres, sec. 5; Stewart, Thomas, 160 acres, sec. 2; Stone, Solomon, 100 acres, sec. 5; Stewart, James, 160acres, sec. 10 and 11.

     Tingle, George B., 135 acres, lot 27; Tracy, William, 9 acres, lot 28; Underhill, Samuel, 80 acres, sec. 6; Unbour, Owen, 10 acres, lot 10; Wallace, Alexander, 80 acres, sec. 3; Wallis, Thomas, 130 acres, sec. 25; Wine, John, 4 acres, lot 19; Watson, David, 21 acres, lot 17; Wright, James, 160 acres, sec. 12; Walker, James, 160 acres, sec. 21; Wine, Emanuel, 6 acres, lot 18; Wilson, Josiah, 161 acres, sec. 5; Walters, William, 81 acres, sec. 1; Watson, Lewis,81 acres, sec. 2; Watson, James (Heirs), 81 acres, lot 17; Waller, Samuel (Heirs), 80 acres, sec. 4; White, Joseph W., 82 acres, sec. 5.

     A census of persons more than seventy-six years of age, taken by the Jeffersonian in 1876, gave the following as living in Cambridge township, including the village of Cambridge:

John B. Ambler, Mrs. John B. Ambler, John Adams, Thomas Arneal, John Burt, Mrs. John Burt, Elisha Blampied, Mrs. Elisha Blampied, Samuel Barber, George Beam, Samuel Brown, Rachel Beatty, John Brown, Mrs. Maria Brown, Francis Boyce, Alexander Cochran, Mrs. Alexander Cochran, Malcolm Cameron, Mrs.  S. Cameron, Alexander Cameron, Mrs. Alexander Cameron, James Dillon, Benjamin Downer, Mrs. Benjamin downer, Zadoc Davis, Joseph Fordyce, David Frazier, Thomas Ferbrache, James Ferbrache, Thomas Forsythe, Abraham Gaskill, Hiram Gibson, Mrs. H. Harris, David Hammond, Mrs. David Hammond. Noah Hyatt, George Jones, Henry Jackson, Jacob Long, Andrew Moore, John McGiffin, James B. Moore, Mrs. McIlyar, William McManaway, Ebenezer McKitrick, James McKitrick, Mrs. James McKitrick, James Messer, David Maxwell, James R. Moss, Sidney Maris, Mrs. Charles Moore, John MChaffey, James Needham, Samuel Oldham, Mrs. Judith Ogier, Peter Ogier, Thomas Pool, Stephen Potts, Mrs. Stephen Potts, William Palmer, William Rainey, Robert Rankin, Mrs. E. Rankin, Mrs. Ruckle, John Rainey, George Rose, James Sawhill, Mrs. James Sawhill, George Stevenson, David Sarchet, J. Sankey, Mrs. J. Sankey, John Stage, Joseph D. Tingle, Evaline Tingle, Rev. Williamson, Joseph Waller, William Wagstaff, Mrs. William Wagstaff, William Walters, Mrs. William Walters.

     Township Population.—Cambridge municipality is not included in the following. As the township and town populations were not listed separately in 1820 and 1840, the figures here given for those years are estimates.

     1820, 338; 1830, 841; 1840, 1,233; 1850, 1,447; 1860, 1,524; 1870, 1,283; 1880, 1,782; 1890, 1,825; 1900, 1,650; 1910, 2,360; 1920, 3,431; 1930, 2,270.

     Roads and Railroads.—Cambridge township has three federal highways crossing it, a distinction that can be claimed by only a few townships in the state. Running from east to west is the National Road (No. 40); from north to south, the Cleveland-Marietta road (N0. 21); from northeast to southwest, the William Penn highway (No. 22). They intersect in the city of Cambridge. 

     Following nearly the same course as the National Road, Zane’s Trace was cut through the township in 1798. This was afterwards improved and called the Wheeling road. The National Road took its place in 1828.

     In 1801 Edward Carpenter, for the sum of three hundred dollars, blazed a trail through the forest from Big Stillwater creek in what is now Harrison county to within seven miles of the Wills creek crossing where Ezra Graham and the Beymers were operating a ferry. Three or four years later it was continued through the present Cambridge township to the crossing.  In 1811 it was improved, and became a wagon road through Cadiz to Steubenville.  For more than as century it was known as the Steubenville road.  In 1930 it became a part of the William Penn highway. (For the history of the Steubenville road see Chapter VI.)

     The township is crossed by two railroads intersecting at right angles in Cambridge. Work on the Baltimore and Ohio, originally the Central Ohio Railroad, was begun in Cambridge township in 1852 and completed in 1854.  A line of the Pennsylvania system, known at first as the Marietta and Pittsburgh, later as the Cleveland and Marietta Railroad, was built through the township in 1873.

     The Township Schools.—As told in the chapter of this work, entitled “Schools and Education,” free public schools were authorized in Ohio in 1821. The people were evidently slow in exercising the authority granted them, for, in 1825, a law was enacted requiring free public schools to be established and taxes levied for their support.

     Following the enactment of this law Cambridge township was divided into districts, each of which was a taxation unit for the support of its school.  In each district were three school directors. The town of Cambridge, then unincorporated, was partly within the boundaries of district No. 7, which extended from the public square to the Adams township line. One of the early teachers in this district was Andrew Magee who afterwards enters the ministry and, for several years, was the pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church in Cambridge.

     Miss Anna McBurney, daughter of the late Dr. John McBurney, presented the writer an interesting document that had been preserved by her father.  It reads as follows:

     “Article of Agreement concluded February 5, 1833, between Joseph Bute, John B. Thompson and John Hersh, Jr., directors of school district No. 7, in Cambridge township, Guernsey county, Ohio, of the one part, and Andrew Magee, teacher, of said township, county and state, of the other part, as follows, to wit:

     “The said Joseph Bute, John B. Thompson and John Hersh, Jr., directors as aforesaid, agree to employ the said Andrew Magee, as teacher of a common school in said district, for the period of three months, commencing on the 12th day of February (inst.)  and ending on the 12th day of May next, free for the admission of all such children between the ages of four and twenty-one years, in said district, as may avail themselves of the privilege of attending the same, agreeably to the 34th Section of the Ohio School Law, and, in consideration of his services as teacher of said school, which he hereinafter binds himself faithfully and diligently to perform, they do hereby engage to pay over to the said Magee, at the close of such quarter (on the 12 day of May next), the sum of seventy-five dollars, out of the school funds belonging to said district.

     “And the said Andrew Magee, on his part, hereby covenants and agrees with the  said directors that he will teach in said school for said period of three months, the several branches of an English education specified in the certificate of qualifications granted by the board of school examiners of Guernsey county to said Magee, according to the best of his ability, to keep the same open for school excises, from 8 to 12 o’clock in the forenoon, and from one to 4 o’clock in the afternoon of each day of the week, Saturday afternoon excepted from the 12th day of February (inst.) until the 1st day of April next, and from 8 to 12 o’clock in the forenoon and from half past one to 5 o’clock, in afternoon of each day as aforesaid, thereafter, until the close of the quarter on the 12th day of May next, to provide at his own cost for use of said school, during said period of three months, the room, desks and fuel necessary, and, moreover, to use all reasonable diligence and attention towards the improvement of those attending the school.

    “And it is covenanted between the parties to this instrument, that the school aforesaid shall, during the said period of three months, be at all times subject to the superintendence and examination of said directors, who may visit the same for the purpose of inspection, as often as they may think it expedient to do so, and direct such regulations to be adopted for its administration as they may consider necessary and just, and that said Magee shall be subject to the same, provided that nothing herein contained shall be construed so as to empower them to require from the said Magee the performance of any act or acts inconsistent with any of the terms of this agreement.

     “In testimony whereof the aforesaid parties have hereunto set their respective hands, on date above written.

“Joseph Bute

“J. B. Thompson

“John Hersh, Jr.

“Andrew Magee.”


    
Barnes’ Mill.—On Wills creek, three miles below Cambridge, the Oldhams built a mill in 1828. From them it passed through several hands until 1865, when it was purchased by two brothers, Francis and Abraham Barnes, and since that time it has been known as Barnes’ mill.  In 1870 Francis bought his brother’s interest in the mill and, at the death of the former in 1888, his two sons, John W. and Francis A., became the owners. 

     The original mill burned in 1834.  It was rebuilt in 1840 and operated for sixty years.  On the opposite side of the stream a new mill was constructed in 1900 and to it the machinery from the old was removed. When built in 1828 it was a mill of the “corn-cracker” type, operated by waterpower. After the old-fashioned buhrstones had been installed, farmers came from points many miles away to have their wheat ground at his mill.  In its latter days it could be operated by either water or steam-power.  Its capacity was fifty barrels of flour and 250 bushels of feed daily.

     Nothing of the old mill now remains but ruins. For many years the old milldam was a favorite place to fish.  The old mill with its picturesque surroundings and traditions attracted many picnic parties from Cambridge and elsewhere.  Of all the old Guernsey county mills Barnes’; was one of the most widely known.

     Hail Storm.—The Guernsey Times of Saturday, July 8, 1826, reports a hail storm in Cambridge and other townships of Guernsey county that was more destructive than any of which there is a record since that time.  It crossed Cambridge township from the northwest to the southeast, laying waste a strip of vegetation from one-half to one mile in width.

     On some farms every vestige of crop was destroyed. Corn that was ready to tassel was cut entirely to pieces. Wheat ready to harvest was completely threshed and the straw was reduced to chaff.  Trees in the path of the storm were stripped clean of their leaves. Farmers plowed up the fields in which there had been wheat and corn and sowed buckwheat, so that they might have grain for the winter.

     Severe Drouth.—In the Guernsey Times of May 11, 1833, the following item appeared:

     “This section of county has suffered to a serious extent from the effects of a long and protracted spell of warm, dry weather. The wheat crop particularly is considered in rather a precarious state—so much so as to render it doubtful whether, in a majority of cases, our farmers will be able to realize as much from their crops of this grain, as would repay them for the trouble and expense merely of harvesting the grain. Other parts of the state are suffering by the want of rain.”

     Recollections of David Sarchet.—David Sarchet, third son of Thomas Sarchet who in 1806 headed the first group of emigrants from the Island of Guernsey to Cambridge, was born in 1797 and died in 1883.  He was buried in the little graveyard on his own farm which was located in the northern part of Cambridge township, halfway between Route 21 and Wills creek and one-half mile south of the liberty township line.  A short time before his death he related the following concerning their journey to Guernsey county:

     “When I was nine years of age we sailed from St. Peter Port on the Island of Guernsey in a ship called the Eliza of Boston. Twenty or thirty other vessels sailed at the same time in the convoy of an English man-of-war which left us some distance out from land.  Included in our company were the families of Thomas Sarchet, Peter Sarchet, John Marquand, Daniel De Francis and Daniel Ferbrache. (The company, according to another report, included the families of John and Nicholas Sarchet also.)  At the Island of Jersey we were stopped and my brother, Thomas (sixteen years of age), was taken from the ship by a guard.  Father remonstrated and he was returned.

     “We arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, on June 3, 1806.  Daniel De Francis went north from Norfolk to New York but finally made his way to the Hockhocking in Ohio. The Marquands went to Buffalo and came to Guernsey county later. The rest of us started from Norfolk to Ohio which we reached after passing through Baltimore, crossing the Monongahela at Old Redstone and the Ohio River at Wheeling. Somewhere in the mountains we stopped one day to bury a child of Uncle Peter Sarchet.

     “At Wheeling we came to Zane’s Trace over which we continued our journey.  This was a very bad wagon road, but we got along fairly well until we reached Newellstown (St. Clairsville).  We staid there a few days to rest and fix our wagons which had been considerably damaged in crossing the mountains. At this place we were told of the Wills creek settlement further west, where a new town had been laid out and lots were for sale very cheap. We had intended to go much further west, Cincinnati being the place we had in mind.

     “The few days rest at Newellstown seemed to spoil our horses, for when we started on they did not work well and we got along badly, so much so that when we reached the Wills creek settlement, which some of our party had gone ahead to see, we were tired of traveling and glad to stop and stay most anywhere.

“We found only two houses in Cambridge. One was a double log cabin down by the bridge over Wills creek, and the other was Jacob Gomber’s house on lot No. 67 (present location of the Stoner building).  Father tried to rent Gomber’s stable for us to live in until we could build a cabin, but he told us he wanted it for travelers’ horses.  We built shanties on the bank near Guernsey spring. These consisted of a ridge pole supported on forks against which we placed brush.

     “The Marquands, as I have said, went from Norfolk to Buffalo on Lake Erie.  From there they started to Guernsey county, but before reaching Pittsburgh they were obliged to leave their wagon and come on to Cambridge without it. Father sent Thomas, my older brother, to get the wagon which contained their household goods. He got started back but on account of the bad roads he had to leave it four miles west of Steubenville. The following December father sent me to bring it to Cambridge.  (The Marquands must have staid in Buffalo for a few years as David was only a small boy when they went there.)

     “I took three horses with me, found the wagon, loaded on the goods the Marquands had left, hitched the horses to the rickety old thing, and started for home. Going down the hill by Indian Cross creek, I broke the coupling-pole.  With much trouble I fixed it so that I could get down to the creek where there was a tavern.  I asked the keeper for an axe and an auger, and he said it was Sunday and he would return me, but when I explained that the law did not apply to movers he gave me what I wanted.  On the hill above the tavern I found a pole with which I fixed the wagon. About dark I reached the top of another hill where I staid overnight at a tavern. Going down the hill the next morning, I saw that one of the wheels was just ready to go to pieces.  I tied it fast and in that way I dragged the wagon over the frozen ground to Cadiz. The next morning the snow was knee-deep and it continued to fall rapidly all day. A blacksmith repaired the broken wheel and, not withstanding the deplorable condition of the road, I started on. Two miles east of Winchester (Winterset) I was obliged to abandon the wagon and return home with the horses.

     “The following spring we moved Thomas Lenfesty to Winchester, hauling his goods in two sleds. On our return we brought the Marquand wagon and household goods to Cambridge.”

 

Thomas Cook’s Account Book

 

    The old account book of Thomas Cook, which was exhibited at the Northwest Territory celebration, shows the cost of labor, farm products and merchandise in Guernsey county one hundred years ago. Thomas Cook lived on the National Road three miles east of Cambridge. The account book contains a record of his business transactions during the years 1832 and 1833. 

     Thomas Cook, Sr. was born in 1749. Early in the Revolutionary War he joined the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment and soon became a captain under Col. Daniel Broadhead.  He then went south where he fought under Generals Marion, Sumter, Pickens and Greene, remaining in the service until the close of the war.

     Sentenced to be Shot.—The story is told that Captain Cook was taken prisoner by the British and later sentenced to death. Brought out for execution, he made the Masonic sign of distress.  Seeing this, the young English commander ordered him taken back to the guard house. That night he was freed. Captain Cook was one of the early members of Guernsey Lodge No. 66.

     For his army service he was given a warrant for 300 acres of land in the Military district.  In 1801 William McCluney received a patent signed by the President for 4,000 acres lying on Zane’s Trace, east of the 4,000 acres owned by Zaccheus Biggs and Zaccheus A. Beatty upon which Cambridge was afterwards laid out.  McCluney had probably bought warrants aggregating a quarter of a township from soldiers who held them but did not wish to locate in the western country. It seems that Thomas Cook, for the warrant he held and perhaps some other consideration, was given 270 acres by William McCluney, in 1810.

     Engaged in Various Enterprises.—Captain Cook built a house on the present site of the Ross home, at the west foot of the Four-mile hill. The run near this home still bears his name. When Zane’s Trace became the National Road, one of the stone bridges (still standing) for which the National Road was noted was built across this little stream.

     Captain Cook farmed, kept a tavern and store, and engaged in various other enterprises.  On October 5, 1812, according to records in the court house, he paid $1.84 for a license which authorized him to sell liquor at his tavern. In 1823 the title to the farm was transferred to his son, Thomas Cook, Jr. Thomas Cook, Sr. died in 1831.  His body lies in the Old Founders’ cemetery, near the Eighth street entrance.

     Items from Account Book.—From the hundreds of items recorded in the old account book kept by Thomas Cook, Jr., we have taken the following at random. The original spelling and capitalization have been retained.

Sold William Turnbaugh 105 lb of  beef………………………………………   $2.36 ½

To Francis Lucus for raken and Binden oats 3 days…………………………...     1.50

Postage on 3 Letters………………………………………………………..        .43 ¾

Bengemen albrite Dr. For Sundreys of Liquer…………………………………        .18 ¾

Bengemen Linton Cut not queite a Cord of wood……………………………..        .18 ¾

William Wood Hase Dug Cole 3 days………………………………………...       1.50

Paid Aberneaser Smith for washen and Shern 5 Sheep………………………….        .37 ½

Spent for quart of Beer and Twist of tobacco………………………………….        .11 ¼

Isaac Simons to one drink……………………………………………………        .06 ¼

Wm Adams hase worked 3 days Laing Barn flour……………………………...      1.50

Received of Jonethen warren 33 Gallons of whiskey at 28 cts per Gallon………...      9.24

Bording William Wood 4 meles……………………………………………….        .25

Sold Dixon Purley Beer by the Cag…………………………………………….       .50

Paid John Lucus for Binden whete……………………………………………       .25

Zedoc Davis to one Gallon of whiskey…………………………………………       .50

John Harmon Hase worked 1 ½ months at $7.50 a Month……………………..    11.25 

Lewey Clark for bording 2 meles………………………………………………        .12 ½

Dr to John Gallop for 21 Bushels of Cole……………………………………..        .63

To Bengemen Linton breaken 31 lb of flax……………………………………..        .31

Dr to Thos Barnet for ½ for putin up oats…………………………………….        .25

Jake Downer Dug 65 Bushels of Cole at one Cent per Bushel……………………       .65

Paid Robert Maffit on raken whete…………………………………………....       .25

To George Fink for Butchern Beef……………………………………………..       .25

To maken rales and steakes and steaken and ridern 175 penel of fence………….......    4.37 ½

John Gilpin to two & Half Bushels Buckwhete………………………………....    .93 ¾

William wood Hase thrashed 2 days………………………………………….....    .87 ½

William wood To puten up Oats ¾ day………………………………………....    .37 ½

Stephen Reed To 2 ½ Bushels of rey (rye)………………………………………..    .93 ¾

Of McCracken 8 yards of calico……………………………………………........  2.00

Liley McColough two Bushels of mele………………………………………….    .62 ½

Barney Smith To Two Bushels of Barley………………………………………..    .75  

Wm Cooke To Choppen wood two days………………………………………..    1.00

To 10 Bushels of peteaters……………………………………………………...   3.75

Philip Lute for meaken cote and dres…………………………………………....   2.00

Ben Linton Hase Chopt wood ½ day…………………………………………...     .18 ¾

To one umberaler lost………………………………………………………......     .75

To 6 lb of Coffey……………………………………………………………....   1.00

One Barl of Whiskey at 25 cts per Gallon……………………………………......   9.00

Carding 50 lb of wool at 5 cts a lb……………………………………………....   2.50

For 6 lb pickle Pork…………………………………………………………...     .25

Lewey Clark To one mele…………………………………………………….....    .06 ¼

             

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